Perch, or European perch, is a green coloured fish species that has dark vertical stripes. Its shade of colour depends on the brightness of water in its habitat. The ventral fins and tail are red-orange and the dorsal fin has sharp spikes. On average Perch can reach the age of 6 and grow 15 to 30 cm long. Perch is a schooling fish that is on the move during daytime, and its reproduction is effective.
Perch is the most common fish species is Finland and modest considering its habitats. It lives in fresh and brackish waters and thrives in lakes, ponds and slowly flowing rivers. Its area of distribution covers northern Asia and most of Europe.
Small perches feed on zooplankton whereas larger individuals’ diet also includes small fish and bottom invertebrates. Furthermore, perch is the intermediate host for some mussel species.
Perch is the national fish of Finland. It has importance as a food fish. As a common species Perch needs no conservation measures.
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