UPM Forest Life
UPM Forest Life
Path
Source of lifeGrowth for tomorrowAdapting to global trendsNever ending circle
MapIndex
en
EnglishSuomi
To path

Brown bear

URSUS ARCTOS

Scroll for info

Brown bear

URSUS ARCTOS

mammals

Brown bear is a large, thick-haired predator that can grow up to 370 kg and live up to 20 years. Most commonly, however, the weight is below that and females are much smaller than males. The color of a very dense coat ranges from amber to almost black. Brown bear is omnivorous and enjoys the richness of the forest, such as berries, plant roots, insects and its great delicacy is honey. It also hunts moose and deer, and also goes fishing and eats carrions. It sleeps almost half of the year in the winter nest, where the female gives birth to 1 to 4 cubs between January and February. The cubs live with the mother until they are 1 to 3 years old. Bears mostly move around at night and at dusk and live mostly alone.

Brown bear thrives in old spruce forests and lives extensively in steppes, tundra and temperate rainforests. Its habitat ranges from puppies 4km2 to male specimens up to 10,000 km2. The range covers Eurasia.

Brown bear is strongly part of folk traditions around the world. Bear tradition in Europe is estimated to have started 30,000 years ago. The indigenous people believed in the powerful spirit of the bear and it was seen as a deity. It is also considered the king of the forest and a sacred animal. Brown bear is Finland's national animal.

Brown bears' habitat has declined with human activity and it benefits from the protection of old forests and the creation and maintenance of integrated forest areas. The species avoids human encounters and meeting them is very rare.

Brown bear

URSUS ARCTOS

wooddeadwoodstage of developmentkey biotopes
aspen
aspen
1-5y
grove
birch
birch
6-20y
ridge
pine
pine
21-50y
rock
spruce
spruce
51-100y
spring
other
other
stream
swamp
Essential success factor