UPM Forest Life
UPM Forest Life
Path
Source of lifeGrowth for tomorrowAdapting to global trendsNever ending circle
MapIndex
en
EnglishSuomi
To path

Bilberry 

VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS

Scroll for info

Bilberry 

VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS

other vascular plants

The bilberry is a perennial shrub plant. While its deciduous ovate leaves fall during autumn, it keeps its evergreen stems. The bilberry`s bell-shaped green or red small flowers bloom from May to July. Dark blue, round and delicious berries start to form in July. It can be confused with the bog bilberry (Vaccinium uliginosum).

Bilberry is an indicator species of moist heath forests. It grows also in grove-like heathlands, dryish heaths and corresponding peatlands. It is prevalent in Northern Europe and Asia in the boreal and subarctic zone. The bilberry plant favors sparse forest tree stands, and it thrives in thinned forests. When a forest gets regenerated, bilberry disappears for a while and returns when conditions are favorable again.

The bilberry is a very popular and much-loved berry among foragers. It is a real superfood and is local food at its best. The delicious and very healthful berries can be used in many different ways. Tea made from the stems and leaves have been traditionally used to treat indigestion and urinary infections.

Bilberry is a common species in our forests and is an important source of food for many animals, such as bears and grouses. Bilberry flowers attract bees and other insects. Its main pollinator, the bumblebee, is a very welcome resident of the forest.

Bilberry 

VACCINIUM MYRTILLUS

wooddeadwoodstage of developmentkey biotopes
aspen
aspen
1-5y
grove
birch
birch
6-20y
ridge
pine
pine
21-50y
rock
spruce
spruce
51-100y
spring
other
other
stream
swamp
Essential success factor
Related species & articles