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Black grouse

LYRURUS TETRIX

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Black grouse

LYRURUS TETRIX

birds

Black grouse is a large game bird with a round, sturdy body, white wingbar, feathered legs and a small beak. The metallic blue-black cock has a Lyre-shaped tail and red wattles above the eyes. Females are yellow-brown with white and black cross lines. Black grouses are herbivores and eat birch buds, alder catkins, plant shoots and berries.

Black grouse`s typical habitats are coniferous and mixed forest areas with wooded marshes. The distribution area covers the Eurasian coniferous forest zone. The blackhen makes a nest in the ground where she lays 8-10 eggs. After hatching, the chicks start to move on their mother's heels when they are very young.

Black grouse has many beliefs and is featured in folk traditions such as paintings and poems, thanks to its impressive instrumentation, appearance and lyre-like tail.

The handsome black grouse cock starts its showy and loud courtship ritual on early spring. Typical mating areas include open marshes, lake ice and forest openings, where the grouse cocks compete for the attention of the females, bouncing and muttering to each other. Black grouses’ habitats are managed by favoring deciduous trees and ensuring the conservation of bru

Black grouse

LYRURUS TETRIX

wooddeadwoodstage of developmentkey biotopes
aspen
aspen
1-5y
grove
birch
birch
6-20y
ridge
pine
pine
21-50y
rock
spruce
spruce
51-100y
spring
other
other
stream
swamp
Essential success factor